Llewellyn ap Gruffydd couldn’t have known it during his tumultuous life, but he would become known to posterity as Llewellyn the Last. He was the last native born Welshman recognised as the sovereign Prince of Wales, before Wales was finally conquered by Edward the 1st in 1282.
Now the title is little more than an honorific bestowed upon the eldest son of the King or Queen of England, a final insult dreamt up by King Edward to make certain that Wales knew its place in the new order. But in Llewellyn’s day, it was not something that came by birth right, but something he took by force of arms, strategic alliances, and breath-taking diplomacy.
Llewellyn came from good stock to claim the title. He was the grandson of Llewellyn ap Lorweth – Llewellyn the Great – who had ruled Wales successfully for nearly 40 years before his death in 1240, and had been one of the many lords responsible for getting King John to sign the Magna Carta. But Llewellyn the Last was no primping heir apparent. While his farther, Gruffydd, was indeed the oldest son of Llewellyn senior, he was an illegitimate child born to the Prince’s mistress. This wouldn’t have been a problem a few years earlier – in Medieval Wales sons were sons, whether born in wedlock or not – but Llewellyn the Great had dedicated the last years of his life to ensuring that only his legitimate son, Dafydd, would follow him as ruler of Gwynedd, even amending Welsh law to make sure this happened.
Read the Full Article from Arms & Badges
Caitlín Nic Gabhann & Ciarán Ó Maonaigh are coming to America for a U.S Tour. Be sure to checkout their tour page with many Northeast gigs starting on February 28th, 2014 through March 24th, 2014. You will not be disappointed with their music and dancing which is full of spirit, soul and life. Perfect to warm up this cold and long winter that is gripping the Northeast with some of the best traditional fiddle, concertina and dance direct from Ireland!
The genetic code of King Richard III, the medieval monarch whose body was found buried under a parking lot in Leicester, England, is set to be sequenced.
Researchers at the University of Leicester announced the project Tuesday. The goal, they said, is to catalog as complete a genome as possible from the king to learn more about his ancestry and health.
“It is an extremely rare occurrence that archaeologists are involved in the excavation of a known individual, let alone a king of England,” Turi King, a geneticist at the University of Leicester who will lead the project, said in a statement.
Read more from Fox News…
When modern humans migrated out of Africa some 60,000 years ago, they found the Eurasian continent already inhabited by brawny, big-browed Neanderthals. We know that at least some encounters between the two kinds of human produced offspring, because the genomes of people living outside Africa today are composed of some 1 to 4 percent Neanderthal DNA.
Two studies published concurrently in Nature and Science on Wednesday suggest that while the Neanderthal contribution to our genomes was modest, it may have proved vitally important.
Some parts of non-African genomes are totally devoid of Neanderthal DNA, but other regions abound with it, including those containing genes that affect our skin and hair. This hints that the Neanderthal gene versions conferred some benefit, and were kept during evolution.
Read the full article at National Geographic
PerKelt has performed it’s unique, progressive Celtic music since 2008. All it’s members are highly-qualified, accomplished and award-winning musicians. They unleash the passion and energy of strong melodic Celtic sounds, having invented their original powerful “speed folk” style, which instantly grabs the attention of audiences everywhere.
So far PerKelt have released three highly acclaimed albums and they have performed over 400 gigs across the world. They regularly perform at various Celtic festivals, World music, folk music and Irish music venues, as well as pubs, churches, castles and Arts Centres.
They are extremely proud to bring refreshing, innovative and evocative Celtic music in a way that has never been heard before. They simply cannot be missed!